APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek some help from the Centre that is writing and/or Professor for specific or problematic references.

More Help with APA

Updated: January 2019 To ensure consistency for students, modifications to citation examples are formulated only between semesters.

Why do we must cite, anyway?

  • You give credit towards the original authors/sources of data and give a wide berth to plagiarism
  • Your readers can quickly access your original sources
  • You add credibility to your assignments which help prove your arguments.

Colleges/Universities, subject matter and professions select and employ a standard way of citation. Make sure to consult your Professor on what method to use.

About it, much of the information that goes into a paper or article can be organized into three groups: “common knowledge” “my ideas”, and “other people’s ideas” if you think. By understanding these groups, we could realise why citations matter in our work.

Let’s focus on common knowledge, which comes with well established and facts that are reliable. For instance, George Washington being the US that is first president a well established fact found in many different reliable sources. A year having 365 days can be considered well known.

Next, let’s consider “my ideas”. This group consist of your thoughts that are personal opinions, conclusions, and analysis of the topic. It would also fall into this category if you are conducting your own original research.

And lastly, there are other people’s ideas – and these deserve special care. Once we research a topic, we’re likely to get and borrow information that is helpful discoveries that came from the work of specific individuals or organizations whose work write my essay for me was published in reputable books, journals, articles and websites. “Other people’s ideas” also include quotes from other writing that support or debate points that you’re making. A paper or project can sometimes include all three forms of information.

While well known as well as your ideas don’t usually need special treatment, when other people’s ideas are incorporated into your paper, readers do must know. This is often through with citations. Using citations shows you’re responsible. You’ve done the research, given credit to the right people, provided your reader with resources for more learning and avoided plagiarism.

A citation is made of two parts that really work together. They are the in-text citation and full citations. Here’s how they work…

By using someone ideas that are else’s your reader has to know, but adding the necessary information in to the middle of one’s paper would be annoying and hard to see.

So, we want a way that is quick indicate when a section is founded on someone else’s ideas. This is done with an citation that is in-text. It’s a brief notification within the human body associated with the text that specific words, ideas, figures, or images were extracted from other sources. These point the reader to your second part of a citation–the full citation–which can be found either at end of this paper or at the bottom of the page. This way, the writing remains readable and it’s clear if you use other individuals’s’ ideas.

Often, full citations have all the details needed seriously to discover the original publication. These generally include author names, titles of books or journals, publishers, publication dates, page numbers and more.

Let’s look at two ways that are common cite your sources in a paper: Imagine that you employ a thought from a book in your paper and need to cite it.

An citation that is in-text might include the author’s last name and year published, author’s last name and page number, or simply a number. These connect your reader to your citation that is full which can be in a bibliography at the end of the paper, or perhaps in a footnote in the bottom associated with page.

Using citations is part of being a student that is responsible researcher, however it’s also a site to others. They acknowledge the people whose work helped establish what exactly is known concerning the world and provides a way for the readers to dive even deeper into your subject.


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